Definitions of integrated pest management (IPM) are nearly as numerous as invasive species management programs. Most definitions acknowledge several basic components when developing an IPM plan, including the following: considering available management options understanding the biology and life cycles of target and non-target species evaluating ecosystem sensitivity to invasion by introduced organisms considering the impacts […]
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Michael D. Netherland US Army Engineer Research and Development Center Environmental Laboratory Editor, Journal of Aquatic Plant Management Jeffrey D. Schardt Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission Invasive Plant Management Section Introduction Aquatic plant management is a complex discipline that blends the predictable sciences of water chemistry and hydrology with the highly variable parameters of […]
Aquatic plant management is a complex discipline that blends predictable sciences of chemistry and hydrology with the highly variable parameters of biology and meteorology, for application in venues with boundaries defined by human values and economics. Successful aquatic plant managers evaluate waterbody uses and functions, conserve or enhance natural processes and human uses of public […]
Aquatic plant management in Florida considers the needs of our unique wildlife. All plant control work is planned and carried out in concurrence with the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, and, when plant control might impact endangered species, with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Plant managers work to help conserve and enhance wildlife […]
Fish use aquatic plants for spawning and nursery areas, as well as for food. Some fish and their fry eat aquatic plants and the algae and small animals that are attached to the stems and leaves. Aquatic plants also offer refuge from predators such as larger fish and water birds. Submersed aquatic plants also generate […]
Aquatic Plant Management Programs Most Florida public lakes and rivers are shallow and capable of supporting submersed as well as floating plants across most or all of their surfaces. Couple this topography with a nearly year-round growing season. Add the phenomenal growth of invasive plants, and it becomes clear that plants must be managed to […]
Oxygen is a natural element which no animal can live without. Fish and other aquatic animals depend on oxygen gas dissolved in water as much as people depend on oxygen gas in air. Many people are surprised to learn that fish and other aquatic organisms don’t use oxygen from water molecules (H2O). This is because […]