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Herbicide Considerations Reference Guide—Introduction

This reference guide defines the parameters considered by aquatic plant managers and FWC biologists when formulating a management plan using herbicides in Florida waters. No single herbicide is appropriate for controlling all invasive or nuisance aquatic plant infestations. Therefore, aquatic plant managers must have a thorough understanding of how each herbicide acts in Florida aquatic […]

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Para grass

Quick Facts MORE INFO Scientific name Urochloa mutica Origin Africa Introduction Late 1800s, forage grass Aquatic community Emergent grass Habitat Wet soils, shorelines, floating mats Distribution Central and South Florida Management effort Complaint management 2014 public waters / plant acres: 202 / 763 Environmental and Economic Concerns Sprawling grass up to 15 feet long that forms […]

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Integrated Plant Management

Definitions of integrated pest management (IPM) are nearly as numerous as invasive species management programs. Most definitions acknowledge several basic components when developing an IPM plan, including the following: considering available management options understanding the biology and life cycles of target and non-target species evaluating ecosystem sensitivity to invasion by introduced organisms considering the impacts […]

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A Manager’s Definition of Aquatic Plant Control

Michael D. Netherland US Army Engineer Research and Development Center Environmental Laboratory Editor, Journal of Aquatic Plant Management Jeffrey D. Schardt Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission Invasive Plant Management Section Introduction Aquatic plant management is a complex discipline that blends the predictable sciences of water chemistry and hydrology with the highly variable parameters of […]

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Water lettuce

Quick Facts MORE INFO Scientific name Pistia stratiotes Origin – some debate native vs. exotic South America Introduction Colonial period, ship ballast (?) Aquatic community Floating Habitat Water surfaces Distribution Peninsula, rare in panhandle Management effort Maintenance control 2014 public waters / plant acres: 168 / 2,954 Environmental and Economic Concerns Growth rate similar to […]

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Torpedograss

Quick Facts MORE INFO Scientific name Panicum repens Origin Old World Introduction Late 1800s, forage grass Aquatic community Emergent Habitat Dry land to water six feet deep Distribution Statewide Management effort Complaint management 2014 public waters / plant acres: 367 / 12,700 Environmental and Economic Concerns Thick mats stop navigation and water movement Displaces native […]

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Para grass

Quick Facts Scientific name Urochloa mutica Origin Africa Introduction Late 1800s, forage grass Aquatic community Emergent grass Habitat Wet soils, shorelines, floating mats Distribution Central and South Florida Management effort Complaint management 2014 public waters / plant acres: 202 / 763 Environmental and Economic Concerns Sprawling grass up to 15 feet long that forms dense tufts […]

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Napier grass

Quick Facts MORE INFO Scientific name Pennisetum purpureum Origin Old World, Africa Introduction Early 1900s, forage grass Aquatic community Emergent grass Habitat Shorelines, wet to dry soils Distribution Central and South Florida Management effort Complaint management 2014 public waters / plant acres: 17 / 22 Environmental and Economic Concerns Clump-forming grass up to 12 feet tall […]

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