Non-Native to Florida
Download a page (PDF 170 KB) from Identification and Biology of Nonnative Plants in Florida’s Natural Areas – Second Edition, by K.A. Langeland, H.M. Cherry, et al. University of Florida-IFAS Pub SP 257. 2008.
For control information, see Integrated Management of Nonnative Plants in Natural Areas of Florida (SP 242)
Date of introduction to Florida: pre-1947 (ornamental)
(from Strangers in Paradise, Impact and Management of Nonindigenous Species in Florida, Chapter 2: Florida’s Invasion by Nonindigenous Plants: History, Screening, and Regulation, by D.R. Gordon and K.P. Thomas, pp. 21-37. Island Press, Washington, DC, 1997.)
Jasminum dichotomum is occasionally found growing in the highlands, St. Lucie county and the southern peninsula of Florida. It is native to tropical Africa but escaped from cultivation. It blooms year round (Wunderlin, 2003).
Appearance: Scrambling shrub or woody climber, ever-green, to 8 m (26 ft) tall, with climbing stems longer; stems glabrous.
Leaves: Opposite, appearing simple (unifoliolate), oval to roundish oblong; glossy, leathery, 5–7 cm (2–4 in) long, with short-pointed tips.
Flowers: White (pink in bud); in clusters at leaf axils; petals fused into a narrow tube to 2.5 cm (1 in) long, with 5–9 terminal lobes about 1.3 cm (0.5 in) long, spreading in star-shaped fashion; quite fragrant, opening at night.
Fruit: A small, fleshy, roundish, black, 2-lobed berry.
Ecological threat: Vigorously invades intact, undisturbed hardwood forests; can climb high into the tree canopy of mature forests, completely enshrouding native vegetation and reducing native plant diversity. FLEPPC Category I
Distribution: C, SW, SE
Text from Invasive and Non-Native Plants You Should Know, Recognition Cards, by A. Richard and V. Ramey, 2007. UF/IFAS Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants, Publ. No. SP 431.
View more information and pictures about gold coast jasmine, as contained in the Langeland/Burks book, Identification & Biology of Non-Native Plants in Florida's Natural Areas.
See the UF/IFAS Assessment, which lists plants according to their invasive status in Florida.