Non-Native to Florida
Download a page (PDF 182 KB) from Identification and Biology of Nonnative Plants in Florida’s Natural Areas – Second Edition, by K.A. Langeland, H.M. Cherry, et al. University of Florida-IFAS Pub SP 257. 2008.
For control information, see Integrated Management of Nonnative Plants in Natural Areas of
Florida (SP 242)
Date of introduction to Florida: ca. 1800 (ornamental, agriculture)
(from Strangers in Paradise, Impact and Management of Nonindigenous Species in Florida, Chapter 2: Florida’s Invasion by Nonindigenous Plants: History, Screening, and Regulation, by D.R. Gordon and K.P. Thomas, pp. 21-37. Island Press, Washington, DC, 1997.)
Sansevieria hyacinthoides is a non-native plant from Africa now invading Florida's wildlands. It is also found in Puerto Rico and Virgin Islands. This plant is occasionally found growing in disturbed hammocks of Putnam County to the central and southern peninsula of Florida (Wunderlin, 2003).
Appearance: Erect, herbaceous perennial; grows from thick rhizomes, to 1 m (3.3 ft) tall.
Leaves: Basal, tufted, flat, erect, waxy, thick, 0.4–1 m (1–3 ft) long; mottled with light- and dark-green cross bands, margins yellowish to orange-red.
Flowers: Greenish-white; about 4 mm (0.02 in) long; in a cylindrical spike-like raceme.
Fruit: A roundish, fleshy berry, to 8 mm (0.3 in) in diameter; red.
Ecological threat: FLEPPC Category II – Invasive exotics that have increased in abundance or frequency but have not yet altered Florida plant communities to the extent shown by Category I species.
Distribution: C, SW, SE
Text from Invasive and Non-Native Plants You Should Know, Recognition Cards, by A. Richard and V. Ramey, 2007. UF/IFAS Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants, Publ. No. SP 431.
See the UF/IFAS Assessment, which lists plants according to their invasive status in Florida.