Wetland nightshade

Solanum tampicense -- Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants

Solanum tampicense

Non-Native to Florida

This species appears on the following legally prohibited plant lists

CATEGORY I on the Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council's (FLEPPC) 2013 List of Invasive Plant Species

More Info: Plant Management in Florida Waters

The UF/IFAS Assessment lists plants according to their invasive status in Florida.




Download a recognition card (PDF) from Invasive and Non-native Plants You Should Know 1

Download a page (PDF) from Identification and Biology of Nonnative Plants in Florida’s Natural Areas – Second Edition2

Control information: Integrated Management of Nonnative Plants in Natural Areas of Florida (EDIS publication SP 242) 3

Wetland nightshade (AKA aquatic soda apple) is found growing in floodplain forests of the central peninsula and Monroe County. It is native to the West Indies, Mexico, and Central America and blooms in the fall (Wunderlin, 2003).

Appearance

Straggly and sprawling prickly shrub, woody below; herbaceous above, with prickly green stems to 5 m (16 ft) long and 1.5 cm (0.5 in) in diameter.

Leaves

Alternate, simple, with petioles to 3 cm (1.5 in) long; blades longer than wide, to 25 cm (10 in) long and 7 cm (3 in) wide, with deeply round-indented (sinuate) margins, recurved or straight prickles on veins, and stellate hairs.

Flowers

Small; 3 to 11 individual flowers in stalked, branched clusters at leaf axils; petals white, mostly free (fused only at base), spreading or often recurved; stamens with yellow anthers held closely and erect in center of flower.

Fruit

A small, spherical, tomato-like berry to 1 cm (0.4 in) wide, shiny solid green turning orange then bright red at maturity, with 10 to 60 yellowish, flat-round seeds.

Text from Invasive and Non-native Plants You Should Know - Recognition Cards 1

 

Refer theUF/IFAS Invasive Species Management Plans for Florida to learn more about Solanum spp. management.

View more information and pictures about wetland nightshade, as contained in the Langeland/Burks book, Identification & Biology of Non-Native Plants in Florida's Natural Areas.

View the herbarium specimen image from the University of Florida Herbarium Digital Imaging Projects.

 

Citations

1. Invasive and Non-native Plants You Should Know - Recognition Cards, by A. Richard and V. Ramey. University of Florida-IFAS Publication # SP 431. 2007.

2. Identification and Biology of Nonnative Plants in Florida’s Natural Areas – Second Edition, by K.A. Langeland, H.M. Cherry, et al. University of Florida-IFAS Publication # SP 257. 2008.

3. Integrated Management of Nonnative Plants in Natural Areas of Florida, by K. A. Langeland, J. A. Ferrell, B. Sellers, G. E. MacDonald, and R. K. Stocker. University of Florida-IFAS Publication # SP 242. 2011.

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