Aquatic, Wetland and Invasive Plant Manuals and Field Guides

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Lahring, H. 2003. Water and Wetland Plants of the Prairie Provinces: A Field Guide for Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, and the Northern United States. University of Regina Press (formerly, Canadian Plains Research Center), Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada. 348 pp.

"This field guide has been created as a reference or those who are curious about the many mysteries of our natural world, and for those who would like to know more about a plant than just its name." (Heinjo Lahring, p. 1.) This handy field guide is designed for use by both amateur and professional botanists, biologists, gardeners, and naturalists. The full color field guide includes over 400 species of water and wetland plants found across Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, and the northern United States. There are over 300 color photographs and over 300 line drawings; scientific names, including synonyms and origins, and common names; detailed plant descriptions, habitats and distributions; discussion of special features, including use as food or medicine and toxicity as well as comparisons to related species. (Above description excerpted from the cover of the field guide.)


Lakela, O. and R.W. Long, 1976. Ferns of Florida: an illustrated manual and identification guide. Banyan Books, Miami, Florida, 178 pp.

This slender volume has the provides both illustrations and photographs to aid in the identification of the ferns occurring in the State of Florida. There is a short explanation on the classification and biology of fern plants and a glossary of terms. The fern species in Florida that are rare and possibly extinct are also included.


Lamoureux, G., et al. 1987. Plantes sauvages des lacs, rivieres et tourbieres. (Wild plants of lakes, rivers and peat bogs.) FLEURBAC, Saint-Augustin (Portneuf), Quebec, Canada.

Very nice photographs and distribution maps for North America are included in this identification guide. Text in French.


Langeland, K.A., K.C. Burks, EDS. 1998. Identification and Biology of Non-Native Plants in Florida’s Natural Areas (First Edition). University of Florida, Gainesville, 165 pp.


Langeland, K.A., H.M. Cherry, C.M. McCormick, and K.C. Burks 2008. Identification and Biology of Non-Native Plants in Florida’s Natural Areas (Second Edition). University of Florida, Gainesville, 210 pp.

$30.00 - IFAS Publication SP 257


Larson, G.E. 1993. Aquatic and Wetland Vascular Plants of the Northern Great Plains. General Technical Report RM-238, Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Dept. Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Expt. Station, 681 pp.

A taxonomic treatment of over 500 aquatic and wetland plant species of the northern Great Plains region. Keys, botanical descriptions, illustrations and some photographs, geographic range and habitat preferences, distributional maps and more are included. Adequate drawings are, unfortunately, not well reproduced but still are useful.


Lassiter, B., R. Richardson, G. Wilkerson. 2010. Aquatic Weeds: A Pocket Identification Guide for the Carolinas. North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service 6/10—1M—VB/KEL AG731 W10 52854, Dept. of Crop Science, NCSU, Raleigh, NC, 129 pp.

The photographs and line drawings of this photo id deck/field guide (3 1/2" x 6") aid in identifying native and invasive aquatic plants. It also has information on morphology, habitat, and human health concerns. It is spiral-bound and waterproof.


Leach, G.J., P.L. Osborne. 1985. Freshwater Plants of Papua New Guinea. University of Papua New Guinea Press. 254 pp.


Lee, R.E.. 2008. Phycology (Fourth Edition). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K., 547 pp.


Leigh, M., ed. 1996. Grow Your Own Native Landscape: A Guide to Identifying, Propagating and Landscaping with Western Washington Native Plants. Washington State University, Olympia. 132 pp.

Descriptions of more than 90 native plants suitable for growing in Washington state are included. It may be the best basic handbook on collecting and growing native plants that the APIRS library has.


Lellinger, D.B. 1985. A Field Manual of the Ferns and Fern-Allies of the United States and Canada. Smithsonian Institute Press, Washington, D.C., 389 pp.


Lindstrom, L.E. 1968. The Aquatic and Marsh Plants of the Great Plains of Central North America. Ph.D. Thesis, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS, 247 pp.


Long, R.W., O. Lakela. 1971. A Flora of Tropical Florida – A Manual of the Seed Plants and Ferns of Southern Peninsular Florida. University of Miami Press, Coral Gables, FL, 962 pp.


Lot, A., Retana, A.N., Garcia, M.O., Ramirez-Garcia, P. 1999. Catalogo de Angiospermas Acuaticas de Mexico - Hidrofitas Estrictas Emergentes, Sumergidas y Flotantes. Cuadernos del Instituto de Biologia 33, UNAM, Mexico. 161 pp. (In Spanish)

Good color photographs and black and white line drawings. Distribution maps for Mexico.


Lui, K., M. Butler, M. Allen, J. DaSilva, et al. 2008.  Field Guide to Aquatic Invasive Species: Identification, collection and reporting of aquatic invasive species in Ontario waters. Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, Canada. 188 pp.

Identifies over 50 species of aquatic invasive species (plants, fish and invertebrates) using water-proof paper bound with rings.


Magee, D.W. 1981. Freshwater Wetlands - A Guide to Common Indicator Plants of the Northeast. University of Massachusetts Press, Amherst. 245 pp.

This book features botanical keys and nice line drawings and contains a list of rare and uncommon wetland plants.


Martin, A.C., F.M. Uhler. 1939. Food of Game Ducks in the United States and Canada. USDA Technical Bulletin 634, Reprinted by US Government Printing Office as Research Report 30, 1951. 308 pp.

The identification, value, range, and propagation of approximately 45 principle duck foods. Black and white photographs.


Mason, H.L. 1957. A Flora of the Marshes of California. University of California Press, Berkeley. 878 pp.

Botanical Keys, finely detailed line drawings, a good glossary and an illustrated key to monocotyledons and dicotyledons complete this extensive volume.


Masser, M. 2013. Aquatic Vegetation Identification Cards. Texas Agricultural Extension Service, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas; Identification Cards B-6095 0/13; 133 PP.

This small, water-proof, spiral-bound 3 1/2" X 3 1/2" deck of 133 pages aids in identification by color photographs and line drawings of each plant. There is no textual description. The arrangement of the identification card deck is by color-coded sections: algal plants, floating plants, submerged plants, emergent plants. Non-native plants are labeled.


May, M., C. Grosso, J. Collins. 2003. Practical Guidebook for the Identification and Control of Invasive Aquatic and Wetland Plants in the San Francisco Bay-Delta Region. San Francisco Estuary Institute, Oakland, California, 70 PP.

This guidebook’s goal, according to the authors, is "to provide you with information to take action against non-native plant invasions. Early detection of invasions can save vast amounts of labor and money...These plants are considered by Bay-Delta invasive plant experts to represent some of the most significant threats to Bay and Delta waterways and wetlands." The 5 1/4" x 8 1/2" booklet, also available in electronic format, describes 5 plants in or on open water and 10 plants in or near the marsh. Background information such as identification, growth and spread, habitat and local distribution, and impacts is provided as well as prevention and control information such as manual or mechanical control, biological control and chemical control. Color photographs are helpful in recognizing the plant and its habitat. Available online at: http://www.sfei.org/nis/NISguidebooklowres.pdf.


McPherson, S. 2007. Pitcher Plants of the Americas. McDonald & Woodward Publishing Co., Blacksburg, VA. 320 pp.


Miller, J.H., Chambliss, E.B., N.J. Loewenstein. 2010. A Field Guide for the Identification of Invasive Plants in Southern Forests. USDA Forest Service, Southern Research Station, General Technical Report SRS-119, 129 pp.

According to the authors "The objective of this book is to provide information on accurate identification of 56 plants or groups (like the many invasive roses) that are aggressively invading forests of the 13 Southern States at alarming rates. It also lists other nonnative invasive plants that are of growing concern." It’s large size - 8 1/2" x 10" - makes it awkward for a field guide and it is not waterproof.


Miller, M.A., K. Songer, R. Dolen. 2014. Field Guide to Wisconsin Streams: Plants, Fishes, Invertebrates, Amphibians, and Reptiles. The University of Wisconsin Press, Madison, Wisconsin. 335pp.

Wisconsin is home to 84,000 miles of streams and this field guide is useful for learning about the animals and identifying the plants in Wisconsin streams. A collaborative effort by dozens of biologists and ecologists, Field Guide to Wisconsin Streams is of value to anglers, teachers and students, amateur naturalists, and experienced scientists alike.
More than 1,000 images illustrate the species in the field guide, augmented by ecological and taxonomic notes, descriptions of look-alike species, and distribution maps. The guide identifies more than 130 common plants, all 120 fishes known to inhabit Wisconsin streams, 8 crayfishes, 50 mussels, 10 amphibians, 17 reptiles, 70 families of insects, and, other commonly found invertebrates.


Miller, J.H. 2003. Nonnative Invasive Plants of Southern Forests: A Field Guide for Identification and Control. Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-62, USDA Forest Service, Southern Research Station, Asheville, NC. 93 pp.


Minnesota Department of Natural Resources. 2001. Minnesota Non-Native Terrestrial Plants: An Identification Guide for Resource Managers. Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, Trails and Waterways Division, St. Paul, Minnesota; 75 PP.

This spiral-bound 4 1/4" X 5 1/4" deck/identification guide is useful in the field because of its small size and water-proof paper. The 39 non-native terrestrial plants are classified as woody, herbaceous, or grasses. There is a thumbnail sketch of each plant with suggested control methods and color photograph which help in identification and serve to inform management decisions. Possible control methods range from chemical control with herbicides, to mechanical and/or cultural control to biological control. The ecological threats of each plant are enumerated that frequently include introduced ornamentals that are now invading natural areas.


Mohlenbrock, R.H. 2001. Sedges: Cyperus to Scleria: The Illustrated Flora of Illinois. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale. 2nd Ed. 223 pp.

This is the "second edition" of the 1976 book, with new keys. Rather than integrating new information into the first edition, the original keys are left in their first edition pages, along with the original plant descriptions and distribution maps. The new keys, new discoveries, nomenclatural changes and distribution additions are tacked on at the end of the book, making it rather confusing for the unsuspecting user.


Moldenke, H.N., A.L. Moldenke. 1952. Plants of the Bible. Chronica Botanica Co., Waltham. (Reprint 1986.) Dover Publications, Inc., New York. 328 pp.

The most obvious aquatic species: Cyperus papyrus, its stems made the floating cradle into which Miriam placed the baby Moses. An abundance of botanical data and detailed factual information concerning 230 plants mentioned in the Scriptures. Over 100 engravings and black and white photographs.


Montana Department Of Agriculture. 2013. A Guide to Montana's Freshwater Aquatic Plants. Montana Department of Agriculture, Helena, Montana; 116 Pp.

A 6" x 3.5" spiral-bound guide to Montana’s freshwater aquatic plants provides line drawings and full color photographs of almost 100 plants. The booklet is separated into color-coded plant categories: plant-like algae; floating leaved, rooted plants; submerged plants; free floating plants; and shoreline plants. Full treatments include family, species and common names; nativity; leaf, stem, fruit, and root descriptions; propagation methods and habitat. Available from Montana Department of Agriculture; dburch@mt.gov; 406-444-3140.


Moody, K. 1981. Major Weeds of Rice in South and Southeast Asia. International Rice Research Institute, Manila, Philippines. 79 pp.

A pocket-sized guide with color photographs and descriptive information in common language.


Muenscher, W.C. 1944. Aquatic Plants of the United States. Comstock Publishing Associates, Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York. 374 pp.

This book includes most of the vascular plants growing in the waters of the United States. Submersed and emersed species of fresh, brackish, and salt waters are treated. Taxonomic keys and distribution maps accompany line drawings.


Muhlberg, H. 1982. The Complete Guide to Water Plants. EP Publishing Ltd., Germany. 391 pp.

Describes and illustrates nearly 200 species of aquatic plants, primarily those cultivated for aquariums and water gardens. Cultivation and propagation is described. Over 200 color and black and white photographs, and 59 line drawings.


Murillo, P G., Zamudio, R.F., Bracamonte S.C. 2009. Habitantes del Agua. Macrofitos. Agencia Andalucia del Agua, Consejeria de Medio Ambiente, Junta de Andalucia, Spain, 282 pp. (In Spanish)

This attractive, 6”x81/2” hardback book, in Spanish, is not waterproof, so not recommended for field work. However, the photographs and illustrations are helpful for identification once back in the office. The selected aquatic plants (37 species) of Andalucia, the southernmost province of Spain, are useful indicators of water quality/chemistry. The book is designed for ease of use (with symbols to denote habitat, etc.) by those who are not experts in the field and to contribute to the preservation and conservation of natural resources of this area.


Musil, C.F. 1973. Water Plants of Natal - a guide to the important species. The Wildlife Protection and Conservation Society of South Africa, Natal. 62 pp.

A small format paperback with good line drawings and distribution maps for 46 species. Includes a simple key, notes on importance, and brief control information.


Nelson, E.N., Couch, R.W. 1985. Aquatic Plants of Oklahoma I: Submersed, Floating-Leaved, and Selected Emergent Macrophytes. Oral Roberts University. 113 pp.

Key and descriptive treatments, with some black and white photographs. Distribution maps by county within Oklahoma.


Nelson, G. 1994. The Trees of Florida: A Reference and Field Guide. Pineapple Press, Inc., Sarasota, Fl. 338 pp.


New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, illustrated by L.B. McCloskey. 1998. HUDSON RIVER FIELD GUIDE TO PLANTS OF FRESHWATER TIDAL WETLANDS. Hudson River National Estuarine Research Reserve, c/o Bard College Field Station, Annandale, NY. 50 pp.

Beautifully illustrated handbook treats 4 submersed, 1 floating, and 18 emersed plants of the tidal Hudson River. The line drawings illustrate how the plants would appear in different stages throughout the year, and in many cases includes microscopic enlargements of important features. Apparently it is free of charge.


Newmaster, S.G., Harris, A.G., Kershaw, L.J. 1997. Wetland Plants of Ontario. Lone Pine Publishing, Edmonton, Alberta, CANADA. 240 pp.

Contains detailed descriptions, color photographs and line drawings of 475 species of plants that grow in wetlands across eastern North America. Included are sections on trees and shrubs; herbs; grasses, sedges and rushes; aquatics; ferns and allies; and bryophytes. Standard keys, flower color photo keys, and drawings keys.


Nichols, S.A. 1999. DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT DESCRIPTIONS OF WISCONSIN LAKE PLANTS. by S.A. Nichols. 1999.

(Order from Wisconsin Geological and Natural History Survey, Map and Publications Office, 3817 Mineral Point Road, Madison, WI 53705-5100; 608-263-7389. $15.00 plus tax and S/H. WWW: http://www.uwex.edu/wgnhs )

This spiral-bound field-book presents line drawings, Wisconsin distribution maps, water chemistry preferences, and other habitat information for more than 100 species of lake plants that range from the rare to the common. "The publication was designed to provide a basis for the in-depth study of lake plants," and should be helpful to ecologists, managers, teachers and students.


Niering, W.A., R.H. Goodwin. 1973. Inland Wetland Plants of Connecticut. Connecticut Arboretum, Bulletin No. 19, New London, CT, 25 pp.


Niering, W.A., R.S. Warren. 1980. Salt Marsh Plants of Connecticut. Connecticut Arboretum, Bulletin No. 25, New London, CT, 33 pp.


Niklitschek, A. 1932. Water Lilies and Water Plants. Chatto & Windus, London. 136 pp.

Devoted primarily to water lilies (Nymphaeaceae), this classic book contains 14 black and white photographs, and five drawings.


North Dakota Department of Agriculture. 2006. Field Identification Guide for Twenty-Five North Dakota Troublesome Invasive Plants. North Dakota Department of Agriculture, North Dakota State University, Fargo, North Dakota; 53 PP.

This spiral-bound 3 1/2" X 6 1/2" deck is useful in the field because it is water-resistant and can be tucked into a small pocket. The guide is color-coded according to flower color allowing for quick identification. Each plant has a page with plant features – morphology, time of blooming and emergence, growth form and spread as well as habitat where it is found and interesting facts (i.e. butterflies that lay eggs on the plant and their larvae feed on it, etc.). The opposing page has a full-color photograph of the weed. Most of the plants are agricultural weeds or invasive in rangelands.


Obot, E.A., J.S.O. Ayeni. 1987. A Handbook of Common Aquatic Plants of the Kainji Lake Basin, Nigeria. National Institute of Freshwater Fisheries Research, New Bussa, Kwara State, Nigeria, 51 pp.


Otto, N.E., T.R. Bartley, J.S. Thullen. 1980. Aquatic Pests on Irrigation Systems: Identification Guide, Second Edition. U.S. Department of the Interior, Water and Power Resources Service, Water Resources Technical Publication, Denver, CO, 90 pp.


Palmer, C.M. 1959. Algae in Water Supplies. An Illustrated Manual on the Identification, Significance, and Control of Algae in Water Supplies. U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare, Robert A. Taft Sanitary Engineering Center, Cincinnati, OH, NTIS Publ. No. PB 216 459, 88 pp.


Pancho, J.V., Soerjani, M. 1978. Aquatic Weeds of Southeast Asia - A Systematic Account of Common Southeast Asian Aquatic Weeds. University of the Philippines at Los Banos College, Laguna, and SEAMEO Regional Centr for Tropical Biology, Bogor, Indonesia. 130 pp.

Covers Characeae, Ricciaceae, ferns, dicots and monocots. Includes a distribution chart for Southeast Asia.


Pancho, J.V. 1976. Philippine Aquatic Weeds. KALIKASAN, The Philippine Journal of Biology 5(1):37-91, Laguna.

Thirty-nine species of vascular and non-vascular aquatic weeds are recorded. Keys to families, genera and species, descriptions, illustrations, local names, distribution and information on ecology.


Pancho, J.V., Vega, M.R., Plucknett, D.L. 1969. Some Common Weeds of the Philippines. Weed Science Society of the Philippines.

Nice black and white line drawings complement this guide to weeds in the Philippines. Weeds in crops such as lowland rice, corn, sugarcane, pineapple, banana, coffee, cacao, etc. are emphasized. Local plant names are provided.


Passarge, H. 1996. Pflanzengesellschaften Nordostdeutschlands -- Plant Communities Of Northeast Germany, I. Aquatic and Terrestrial Plants. Gebr. Borntraeger Verlagsbuchhandlung, Stuttgart, Germany. 298 pp.

This book, in German, is about the phytosociology of the rivers, lakes and wetlands of northeastern Germany. More than 50 plant associations are described, 24 of them aquatic. Numerous tables describe plant habitats and water chemistry.


Pierce, R.J. 1977. Wetland Plants of the Eastern United States. Army Corps of Engineers, North Atlantic Division, New York, N.Y. 422 pp

Written as a guide for Corps field inspectors using non-technical language. Color photographs, brief descriptions, and wildlife values for approximately 100 species.


Pitelli, R.L.C.M.; Pitelli, R.A.; Santos, S.C.D.; Silva, A.F.D.; Velini, E.D. 2013. Macrofitas Aquaticas Do Reservatorio De Nova Avanhandava


Pitelli, R.L.C.M.; Pitelli, R.A.; Rodrigues, C.J.; Dias, J.H.P.; Funep Manual De Identificacao Das Plantas Aquaticas De Porto Primavera


Pot, R. 2003. Veldgids Water- en Oeverplanten. (Field Guide for Water and Bank Plants.) KNNV-Uitgeverij, Utrecht and Stowa, Utrecht, The Netherlands. 351 pp.


Prather, T.S., S.S. Robins, D.W. Morishita, L.W. Lass, et al.. 2002. Idaho’s Noxious Weeds. Dept. Plant, Soil and Entomological Sciences, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, University of Idaho, Moscow. 76 pp.


Prescott, G.W. 1969. How to Know the Aquatic Plants. WM. C. Brown, Dubuque, Iowa. 171 pp.

Spiral bound, not waterproof; covers aquatic plants of US lakes, rivers and wetland; biological importance noted. No photos only black and white illustrations, some misspellings of genus and species.


Preston, C.D., Croft, J.M. 1997. AQUATIC PLANTS IN BRITAIN AND IRELAND. Harley Books, Martins, Great Horkesley, Colchester, ENGLAND. 365 pp.

"...This volume presents, for the first time, a thorough review of all freshwater plants in Britain and Ireland. It is both an atlas of distribution and compendium of scientific information." The book summarizes the distribution, habitat and reproductive biology of 200 taxa in 72 genera, including distribution maps for Britain and Ireland. The book includes a single line drawing for each genus, and no photographs.


Preston, C.D. 1995. Pondweeds of Great Britain and Ireland - B.S.B.I. Handbook No. 8. Botanical Society of the British Isles, Oundle, Peterborough, GREAT BRITAIN. 352 pp.

An identification guide rather than a taxonomic monograph. The first third is an introduction to the biology of Potamogeton species in the British Isles, and includes chapters on prehistory, nomenclature, classification, evolution, hybridisation, structure, life history, habitats, distribution, and collection and preservation. The second part of the book presents two keys to 50 species (including a couple of Ruppias and Groenlandia densa). Each species is treated by descriptions, maps and excellent line drawings.


Pritchard, K. 1991. A Field Guide to Wetland Characterization and Wetland Plant Guide. Washington State University Cooperative Extension, Seattle. 55 pp.

Simple language and drawings to help train volunteers for community wetlands projects.


Puerto Rico Commonwealth Department of Natural and Environmental Resources. 2001. Guide to Identify Common Wetland Plants in the Caribbean Area: Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands = Guia para la Identificacion de Plantas Comunes en Humedales de la Zona del Caribe: Puerto Rico e Islas Virgenes EE.UU. University of Puerto Rico Press, San Juan, Puerto Rico; 268 PP.

The purpose of this guide is to provide easy identification of the 113 most common plants associated with wetlands occurring in Puerto Rico and the US Virgin Islands in a 5 1/4" x 8" spiral-bound field guide with text both in Spanish and English. The plants are arranged alphabetically by scientific name and grouped according to their habitat and growing habit as follows: aquatics; ferns and herbaceous and woody vines; forbs and runners; grasses and grass-like; and shrub-like, shrubs and trees. For each plant a colored photograph is on one page and the facing page gives the technical name, common name, the national symbol of the technical name, national and regional indicator categories (FAC, FACW or OBL), growing habit and habitat.


Radford, A.E., H.E. Ahles, C.R. Bell. 1968. Atlas of the Vascular Flora of the Carolinas. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill, NC, 1,183 pp.


Radford, A.E., H.E. Ahles, C.R. Bell. 1965. Atlas of the Vascular Flora of the Carolinas. University of North Carolina, Agricultural Experiment Station, Chapel Hill, Tech. Bull. No. 165, 208 pp.


Ramey, V. 2005. Freshwater Plants in the Southeastern United States. University of Florida IFAS Extension, Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants, Gainesville, Recognition Guide for 133 Plants. Fold-out field guide.


Ramey, V., J. Schardt. 2005. Invasive and Other Non-Native Plants Found in Public Waters and Conservation Lands of Florida and the Southeastern United States. University of Florida, IFAS Extension, Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants, Recognition Guide for 94 Non-Native Plants. Fold-out field guide.


Ramey, V. 1990. Florida Prohibited Aquatic Plants, Florida Department of Natural Resouces Rule 16C-52, by Authority of Florida State Statues 369.25. Florida Department of Natural Resources, Bureau of Aquatic Plant Management, Tallahassee. 33 pp.


Ramey, V. 1995. Aquatic Plant Identification Deck. University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants, Gainesville.

A 3" x 4" card deck of color photographs of 67 aquatic and wetland plant species with plant identification information on the back of each card. The cards are laminated for water resistance and bound with a screw and fastener for in-the-field reference.


Ramey, V. 1999. Grasses, Sedges and Rushes of Wetlands Identification Deck--With notes about wildlife use. University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants, Gainesville.

A 3" x 4" card deck of color photographs and identification information for 84 grasses, sedges and rushes of wetlands. Each page is laminated for water resistance; pages open book-like for easy in-the-field use.


Randall, J.M. and Marinelli, J., eds. 1996. INVASIVE PLANTS--WEEDS OF THE GLOBAL GARDEN. Brooklyn Botanic Garden, Handbook #149. 111 pp.

Includes two succinct and understandable introductions by the editors: Redefining the Weed, and How Non-Native Species Invade and Degrade Natural Areas. The book includes one section on "chemical-free weed controls" and another about choosing and applying herbicides when they're necessary. The remainder includes the "encyclopedia of invasive plants" including trees, shrubs, annuals and perennials, grasses, vines and aquatic plants, 76 species in all. Color photographs are included.


Randall, C., L. Ely, M.R. Dingman, B. Hargrave, N. Eckberg (Eds.) 2007. Noxious Weed Identification and Control Handbook: A Citizen’s Guide for Control of Noxious Weeds Found in Benewah, Kootenai and Shoshone Counties. Inland Empire Cooperative Weed Management Area (IECWMA), Kootenai County, Idaho; Brochure, 68 PP.

The small booklet (5 1/2" x 8 1/4") defines the term "noxious weed" and explains the regulatory purpose of the Idaho Noxious Weed Law. For each of the 24 weeds there are color photographs and descriptions to aid in identification; and, control methods are suggested ranging from chemical control, mechanical control, and cultural control to biological control. The majority of the plants are invasive in rangelands or crop lands; however, there is one noxious aquatic weed is Myriophyllum spicatum and one noxious wetland weed, Lythrum salicaria included in the booklet. There are also 14 toxic plants listed including Ricinus communis and Equisetum arvense. For more information contact: Call the Kootenai County Noxious Weed Control Department at (208)446-1290 or email at http://www.kcnoxiousweeds@kcgov.us.


Raspopov, I.M. 1985. Higher Aquatic Vegetation of the Larger Lakes of Northwest U.S.S.R. Institute of Lake Management, Nauk, Leningrad. 200 pp. (In Russian).

Includes distribution maps.


Rataj, K., T.J. Horeman. 1977. Aquarium Plants - their identification, cultivation and ecology. T.F.H. Publications, Inc., Neptune City, NJ. 448 pp.

Both color and black and white photographs accompany this comprehensive guide to aquarium plants. Subjects covered include lighting, water chemistry and temperature of aquariums, and reproduction and practical propagation of aquarium plants. More than 45 plant families encompassing hundreds of species are covered.


Redington, C.B. 1994. Plants in Wetlands, Redington Field Guides to Biological Interactions. Kendall/Hunt Publishing Co., Dubuque, IA. 394 pp.

"Written and designed to consider biological interactions between plants and the full range of animal groups in wetlands." More than 100 plant species are described. Other features include a simple wetlands delineation method, a key to wetland communities, an appendix about spiders, community interactions and human/economic uses. The approximate range of the manual is the eastern third of the United States.


Reed, C.F. 1977. Economically Important Foreign Weeds. Potential Problems in the United States. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Research Station, Washington, D.C., Handbook No. 498, 746 pp.


Renteria, J.L., Atkinson, R., Guerrero, A.M., Mader, J. 2006. Weed Identification and Management in Galapagos (Second Edition). Charles Darwin Foundation, Galapagos, Ecuador, 33 pp. (in Spanish).


Richard, A. 2007. Invasive and Non-native Plants You Should Know – Central Florida. University of Florida, Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants, Recognition Cards – SP439, 82 pp.

The 3 ¾” x 6” photo-id deck/field guide features 32 non-native plants targeted for control in public waters and conservation lands by the Florida Department of Environmental Protection. The deck is meant to be used in the field for plant identification with information on plant appearance, leaves, flowers, fruit, the ecological threat and occurrence in the state of Florida by region. There is a small area on each card for field notations. It is waterproof and bound with a beaded chain in order to add more cards.


Romanowski, N. 2000. Water Garden Plants & Animals - The Complete Guide for All Australia. ISBS, Portland, OR. 112 pp.

Full-color book contains brief but useful information about how to use water lilies and bogplants, and fishes and frogs in water gardens in Australia. Varieties of hybrid water lilies and lotuses, and many kinds of other aquatic plants that might grow in deeper or shallower water gardens are pictured and somewhat described.


Romanowski ,N. 1998. Aquatic and Wetland Plants – A Field Guide for Non-Tropical Australia. University of New South Wales Press, Sydney, 119 pp.


Russell, G.E.G. 1974. The Vascular Plants of Rhodesia. Ph.D. Thesis. University of Georgia, Athens, 463 pp.