Non-Native in Florida
Download a page (PDF 177 KB) from
Identification and Biology of Nonnative Plants in Florida’s Natural Areas – Second Edition, by K.A. Langeland, H.M. Cherry, et al. University of
Florida-IFAS Pub SP 257. 2008.
Bishopwood is occasionally found in disturbed hammocks from central Florida and the south peninsula. It is native to southern Asia but escaped cultivation. Bischofia javanica blooms from the spring to summer (Wunderlin, 2003).
Appearance: Evergreen tree commonly 12–18 m (35–60 ft) in height with dense, rounded head, smooth branches, and milky sap.
Leaves: Alternate, long-petioled, trifoliolate (3 leaflets); leaflets shiny, bronze-toned, oval-elliptic, 15–20 cm (6–8 in) long, with margins small toothed.
Flowers: Tiny, without petals, greenish-yellow, in many flowered clusters (racemes) at leaf axils; male and female flowers on separate plants (dioecious).
Fruit: Pea-sized, berry-like, fleshy, to 9 mm (0.35 in) in diameter; brown or reddish or blue-black, 3-celled.
Ecological threat: Common in old fields and disturbed wetland sites; invading intact cypress domes and tropical hardwood hammocks, where it displaces native vegetation and alters the structure of the plant community. FLEPPC Category I
Distribution: C, SW, SE
Text from Invasive and Non-Native Plants You Should Know, Recognition Cards, by A. Richard and V. Ramey, 2007. UF/IFAS Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants, Publ. No. SP 431.
View more information and pictures about bishopwood in the
Langeland/Burks book, Identification & Biology of Non-Native Plants in Florida's Natural
The UF/IFAS Assessment lists plants according to their invasive status in Florida.