Bishopwood

Bischofia javanica -- Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants

Bischofia javanica

Non-Native to Florida
Origin: Tropical Asia, Pacific Islands1

This species appears on the following legally prohibited plant lists

CATEGORY I on the Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council's (FLEPPC) 2013 List of Invasive Plant Species

UF-IFAS Assessment of Non-Native Plants in Florida’s Natural Areas




Download a page (PDF 150 KB) from Identification and Biology of Nonnative Plants in Florida’s Natural Areas – Second Edition1

Download a recognition card (PDF) from Invasive and Non-native Plants You Should Know 2

Control information: Integrated Management of Nonnative Plants in Natural Areas of Florida (EDIS publication SP 242) 3

Bishopwood is occasionally found in disturbed hammocks from central Florida and the south peninsula. It is native to southern Asia but escaped cultivation. Bischofia javanica blooms from the spring to summer (Wunderlin, 2003).

Appearance: Evergreen tree commonly 12–18 m (35–60 ft) in height with dense, rounded head, smooth branches, and milky sap.

Leaves: Alternate, long-petioled, trifoliolate (3 leaflets); leaflets shiny, bronze-toned, oval-elliptic, 15–20 cm (6–8 in) long, with margins small toothed.

Flowers: Tiny, without petals, greenish-yellow, in many flowered clusters (racemes) at leaf axils; male and female flowers on separate plants (dioecious).

Fruit: Pea-sized, berry-like, fleshy, to 9 mm (0.35 in) in diameter; brown or reddish or blue-black, 3-celled.

Ecological threat: Common in old fields and disturbed wetland sites; invading intact cypress domes and tropical hardwood hammocks, where it displaces native vegetation and alters the structure of the plant community. FLEPPC Category I

Distribution: C, SW, SE

Text from Invasive and Non-Native Plants You Should Know, Recognition Cards, by A. Richard and V. Ramey, 2007. UF/IFAS Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants, Publ. No. SP 431.

 

View the herbarium specimen image from the University of Florida Herbarium Digital Imaging Projects.

 

Citations

1. Identification and Biology of Nonnative Plants in Florida’s Natural Areas – Second Edition, by K.A. Langeland, H.M. Cherry, et al. University of Florida-IFAS Publication # SP 257. 2008.

2. Invasive and Non-native Plants You Should Know - Recognition Cards, by A. Richard and V. Ramey. University of Florida-IFAS Publication # SP 431. 2007.

3. Integrated Management of Nonnative Plants in Natural Areas of Florida, by K. A. Langeland, J. A. Ferrell, B. Sellers, G. E. MacDonald, and R. K. Stocker. University of Florida-IFAS Publication # SP 242. 2011.

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