Santa Maria

Calophyllum antillanum -- Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants

Calophyllum antillanum

Non-Native to Florida
Origin: Caribbean, Cuba to Grenada1

This species appears on the following legally prohibited plant lists

CATEGORY I on the Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council's (FLEPPC) 2013 List of Invasive Plant Species

UF-IFAS Assessment of Non-Native Plants in Florida’s Natural Areas




Download a page (PDF 150 KB) from Identification and Biology of Nonnative Plants in Florida’s Natural Areas – Second Edition1

Download a recognition card (PDF) from Invasive and Non-native Plants You Should Know 2

Control information: Integrated Management of Nonnative Plants in Natural Areas of Florida (EDIS publication SP 242) 3

Calophyllum antillanum is rarely found among mangroves and disturbed hammocks in Martin, Miami-Dade and Monroe counties in Florida. It is native to the west Indies and blooms in the summer (Wunderlin, 2003).

Appearance: Small, thicket-forming shrub or small deciduous tree to about 15 m (45 ft) tall; sap milky; stems hairy; grows from stolons.

Leaves: Alternate, opposite, or whorled on the same plant; simple, hairy, 6–20 cm (2.5–8 in) long, 5–15 cm (1.5–6 in) wide; toothed and sometimes lobed margins; upper surfaces of mature blades rough to the touch; petioles 4–15 cm (1.5–6 in) long.

Flowers: Female flowers form in round, hanging clusters; male flowers appear in spring and form in drooping, elongated clusters.

Fruit: Orange to red; aggregated into globular clusters, diameter 2–3 cm (0.8–1 in).

Ecological threat: FLEPPC Category II – Invasive exotics that have increased in abundance or frequency but have not yet altered Florida plant communities to the extent shown by Category I species.

Distribution: NW, NE, C, SW

Text from Invasive and Non-Native Plants You Should Know, Recognition Cards, by A. Richard and V. Ramey, 2007. UF/IFAS Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants, Publ. No. SP 431.

See more information and pictures about Santa Maria, as contained in the Langeland/Burks book, Identification & Biology of Non-Native Plants in Florida's Natural Areas.

 

Citations

1. Identification and Biology of Nonnative Plants in Florida’s Natural Areas – Second Edition, by K.A. Langeland, H.M. Cherry, et al. University of Florida-IFAS Publication # SP 257. 2008.

2. Invasive and Non-native Plants You Should Know - Recognition Cards, by A. Richard and V. Ramey. University of Florida-IFAS Publication # SP 431. 2007.

3. Integrated Management of Nonnative Plants in Natural Areas of Florida, by K. A. Langeland, J. A. Ferrell, B. Sellers, G. E. MacDonald, and R. K. Stocker. University of Florida-IFAS Publication # SP 242. 2011.

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