Calophyllum antillanum is rarely found among mangroves and disturbed hammocks in Martin, Miami-Dade and Monroe counties in Florida. It is native to the west Indies and blooms in the summer (Wunderlin, 2003).
Appearance: Small, thicket-forming shrub or small deciduous tree to about 15 m (45 ft) tall; sap milky; stems hairy; grows from stolons.
Leaves: Alternate, opposite, or whorled on the same plant; simple, hairy, 6–20 cm (2.5–8 in) long, 5–15 cm (1.5–6 in) wide; toothed and sometimes lobed margins; upper surfaces of mature blades rough to the touch; petioles 4–15 cm (1.5–6 in) long.
Flowers: Female flowers form in round, hanging clusters; male flowers appear in spring and form in drooping, elongated clusters.
Fruit: Orange to red; aggregated into globular clusters, diameter 2–3 cm (0.8–1 in).
Ecological threat: FLEPPC Category II – Invasive exotics that have increased in abundance or frequency but have not yet altered Florida plant communities to the extent shown by Category I species.
Distribution: NW, NE, C, SW
Text from Invasive and Non-Native Plants You Should Know, Recognition Cards, by A. Richard and V. Ramey, 2007. UF/IFAS Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants, Publ. No. SP 431.
See more information and pictures about Santa Maria, as contained in the Langeland/Burks book, Identification & Biology of Non-Native Plants in Florida’s Natural Areas.
1. Identification and Biology of Nonnative Plants in Florida’s Natural Areas – Second Edition, by K.A. Langeland, H.M. Cherry, et al. University of Florida-IFAS Publication # SP 257. 2008.
2. Invasive and Non-native Plants You Should Know – Recognition Cards, by A. Richard and V. Ramey. University of Florida-IFAS Publication # SP 431. 2007.
3. Integrated Management of Nonnative Plants in Natural Areas of Florida, by K. A. Langeland, J. A. Ferrell, B. Sellers, G. E. MacDonald, and R. K. Stocker. University of Florida-IFAS Publication # SP 242. 2011.
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