Colubrina asiatica

Common Name(s): Latherleaf

Non-Native to Florida

Origin: Pantropical Old World1
Introduction to Florida: pre-1933 (ornamental)2

This species appears on the following legally prohibited plant lists

CATEGORY I on the Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council’s (FLEPPC) 2015 List of Invasive Plant Species

UF-IFAS Assessment of Non-Native Plants in Florida’s Natural Areas


Download a recognition card (PDF) from Invasive and Non-native Plants You Should Know3

Download a page (PDF) from Identification and Biology of Nonnative Plants in Florida’s Natural Areas – Second Edition1

Control information: Integrated Management of Nonnative Plants in Natural Areas of Florida (EDIS publication SP 242)4

Colubrina asiatica is frequently found growing in coastal hammocks and beaches from Martin county to the southern peninsula of Florida. Latherleaf is native to the Old World but escaped from cultivation. It blooms all year (Wunderlin 2003).

Appearance

Glabrous, evergreen, scrambling shrub with diffuse, slender branches to 5 m (16 ft) long; in older plants, stems to 15 m (49 ft) long.

Leaves

Alternate, with slender petioles to 2 cm (0.75 in) long; blades oval, shiny dark green above, 4–9 cm (1.6–3.5 in) long and 2.5–5 cm (1–2 in) wide, with toothed margins and producing a thin lather when crushed and rubbed in water.

Flowers

Small, greenish white, in short branched few-flowered clusters at leaf axils; each with a nectar disc, 5 sepals, 5 hooded petals, and 5 stamens.

Fruit

A globose capsule, green and fleshy at first and turning brown upon drying, about 8 mm (0.33 in) wide, with 3 grayish seeds.

Ecological threat

Forms a thick mat, growing over and shading out native vegetation. Invades marly coastal ridges, tropical hammocks, buttonwood and mangrove forests, tidal marshes and disturbed coastal roadsides. Threatens a number of rare, listed native plant species. FLEPPC Category I

Distribution

SW, SE

Text from Invasive and Non-native Plants You Should Know – Recognition Cards 1

 

Read the Colubrina asiatica (Lather Leaf) Management Plan: Colubrina Task Force by the Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council.

View the herbarium specimen image from the University of Florida Herbarium Digital Imaging Projects.

 


 

Citations

1. Identification and Biology of Nonnative Plants in Florida’s Natural Areas – Second Edition,
by K.A. Langeland, H.M. Cherry, et al. University of Florida-IFAS Publication # SP 257. 2008.

2. Strangers in Paradise, Impact and Management of Nonindigenous Species in Florida, Chapter 2: Florida’s Invasion by Nonindigenous Plants: History, Screening, and Regulation, by D.R. Gordon and K.P. Thomas, pp. 21-37. Island Press, Washington, DC, 1997.

3. Invasive and Non-native Plants You Should Know – Recognition Cards,
by A. Richard and V. Ramey. University of Florida-IFAS Publication # SP 431. 2007.

4. Integrated Management of Nonnative Plants in Natural Areas of Florida, by K. A. Langeland, J. A. Ferrell, B. Sellers, G. E. MacDonald, and R. K. Stocker. University of Florida-IFAS Publication # SP 242. 2011.

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