Paederia cruddasiana

Common Name(s): sewer vine

Non-Native to Florida

Origin: India to China and Southeast Asia1

This species appears on the following legally prohibited plant lists

UF-IFAS Assessment of Non-Native Plants in Florida’s Natural Areas

CATEGORY I on the Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council’s (FLEPPC) 2015 List of Invasive Plant Species


Download a page (PDF) from Identification and Biology of Nonnative Plants in Florida’s Natural Areas – Second Edition1

Download a recognition card (PDF) from Invasive and Non-native Plants You Should Know2

Control information: Integrated Management of Nonnative Plants in Natural Areas of Florida (EDIS publication SP 242)3

Sewer vine is another non-native invasive vine in Florida, very similar to skunk vine (Paederia foetida), in smell, appearance, and behavior. This southern Asia native is is now locally abundant in Dade County. It flowers in the spring through the fall (Wunderlin, 2003).

Appearance

Semi-woody, climbing, twining vine, sometimes shrubby.

Leaves

Opposite, broadly lanceolate to elliptic, with relatively long petioles and smooth margins.

Flowers

Tubular, 7–11 mm long; pinkish to pale lilac with a purple throat, 5-lobed.

Fruit

A flattened, orange to yellow, papery berry, to approximately 1 cm (0.4 in) in diameter; seeds winged.

Ecological threat

Dangerous to native species as it can out compete and shade out even large trees. Spreads readily by seeds and by rooting at stem nodes. Stems often run beneath leaves and surficial duff, rooting as it goes. FLEPPC Category I

Distribution

SW, SE

Text from Invasive and Non-Native Plants You Should Know, Recognition Cards, by A. Richard and V. Ramey, 2007. UF/IFAS Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants, Publ. No. SP 431.

 

View the herbarium specimen image from the University of Florida Herbarium Digital Imaging Projects.

 


 

Citations

1. Identification and Biology of Nonnative Plants in Florida’s Natural Areas – Second Edition, by K.A. Langeland, H.M. Cherry, et al. University of Florida-IFAS Publication # SP 257. 2008.

2. Invasive and Non-native Plants You Should Know – Recognition Cards, by A. Richard and V. Ramey. University of Florida-IFAS Publication # SP 431. 2007.

3. Integrated Management of Nonnative Plants in Natural Areas of Florida, by K. A. Langeland, J. A. Ferrell, B. Sellers, G. E. MacDonald, and R. K. Stocker. University of Florida-IFAS Publication # SP 242. 2011.