Paederia cruddasiana

Common Name(s): sewer vine

Non-Native to Florida

Origin: India to China and Southeast Asia1

This species appears on the following legally prohibited plant lists

UF-IFAS Assessment of Non-Native Plants in Florida’s Natural Areas

CATEGORY I on the Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council’s (FLEPPC) 2015 List of Invasive Plant Species


Download a page (PDF) from Identification and Biology of Nonnative Plants in Florida’s Natural Areas – Second Edition1

Download a recognition card (PDF) from Invasive and Non-native Plants You Should Know2

Control information: Integrated Management of Nonnative Plants in Natural Areas of Florida (EDIS publication SP 242)3

Sewer vine is a non-native invasive vine in Florida, very similar to the non-native invasive skunk vine (Paederia foetida). Sewer vine differs in that its fruit is a flattened, brown or yellowish brown, shiny capsule that is elliptic to broadly ovate. It contains 2 black, winged, elliptic to broadly ovate seeds. Skunk vine has round fruits and round seeds that lack wings. However both are very similar in smell, appearance, and growth habit. Sewer vine, native to southern Asia, is now locally abundant in Dade County and has been observed in Hillsborough and Marion counties. It flowers profusely from spring through fall and produces large quantities of viable seed.

Appearance

Semi-woody, climbing, twining vine, sometimes shrubby.

Leaves

Opposite, broadly lanceolate to elliptic, with relatively long petioles and smooth margins.

Flowers

Tubular, 7–11 mm long; pinkish to pale lilac with a purple throat, 5-lobed.

Fruit

A flattened, orange to yellow, papery berry, to approximately 1 cm (0.4 in) in diameter; seeds winged.

Ecological threat

Dangerous to native species as it can out compete and shade out even large trees. Spreads readily by seeds and by rooting at stem nodes. Stems often run beneath leaves and surficial duff, rooting as it goes. FLEPPC Category I

Distribution

SW, SE

Text from Invasive and Non-Native Plants You Should Know, Recognition Cards, by A. Richard and V. Ramey, 2007. UF/IFAS Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants, Publ. No. SP 431.

 

View the herbarium specimen image from the University of Florida Herbarium Digital Imaging Projects.

 


 

Citations

1. Identification and Biology of Nonnative Plants in Florida’s Natural Areas – Second Edition, by K.A. Langeland, H.M. Cherry, et al. University of Florida-IFAS Publication # SP 257. 2008.

2. Invasive and Non-native Plants You Should Know – Recognition Cards, by A. Richard and V. Ramey. University of Florida-IFAS Publication # SP 431. 2007.

3. Integrated Management of Nonnative Plants in Natural Areas of Florida, by K. A. Langeland, J. A. Ferrell, B. Sellers, G. E. MacDonald, and R. K. Stocker. University of Florida-IFAS Publication # SP 242. 2011.