Senna pendula

climbing cassia

Nonnative to FloridaFISC Category 1 Invasive
Introduction

Origin: South America

View more information and pictures about climbing cassia, as contained in the Langeland/Burks book, Identification & Biology of Non-Native Plants in Florida’s Natural Areas.

View the herbarium specimen image from the University of Florida Herbarium Digital Imaging Projects.

Description

Appearance

Sprawling evergreen shrub to 4 m (13 ft) tall (or wide), with somewhat zigzag, sparsely hairy stems.

Leaves

Leaves: Alternate, stalked, even-pinnately compound, with 3–6 pairs of leaflets; larger ones at leaf tip. Leaflets to 4 cm (1.6 in) long, oblong with rounded tips. Petioles with gland above, between lowermost leaflets and occasionally between others.

Flowers

Yellow or yellow-green, 3–4 cm (1.2–1.6 in) across, in 3- to 12-flowered racemes near stem tips; stamens with prominent, curved filaments.

Fruit

A brown slender pod, cylindric, glabrous, 7–12 cm (3–5 in) long.

Distribution

C, SW, SE

Text from Invasive and Non-native Plants You Should Know – Recognition Cards 1

Impacts

Ecological threat

Described as fast and strong in its growth. Displaces native vegetation in disturbed and undisturbed areas of Florida’s tropical hammocks, coastal strands, and canal banks. FLEPPC Category I