Ardisia elliptica

Shoebutton ardisia

Nonnative to FloridaFlorida Noxious Weed ListFISC Category 1
Introduction

Origin: India, China, Southeast Asia 
Introduction to Florida: 1900 (ornamental) 

Ardisia elliptica is occasionally found growing in the hammocks of Brevard and St. Lucie Counties, and along the southern peninsula of Florida. Shoebutton is native to Asia but escaped cultivation (Wunderlin, 2003).

Description

Appearance

Evergreen, glabrous shrub or small tree to 5 m (17 ft) tall, with smooth stems and new foliage often reddish.

Leaves

Alternate, to 20 cm (8 in) long, oblong to oval, fleshy, leathery, gland-dotted below, with margins entire.

Flowers

Axillary clusters, star shaped, 13 mm (0.5 in) wide, with mauve-colored petals.

Fruit

Rounded drupe, 6 mm (< 1 in) wide, red turning to black when ripe, with white juicy flesh.

Distribution

SW, SE

Field Notations

ARDIELLI/AREL4

Text from Invasive and Non-native Plants You Should Know – Recognition Cards 2

Impacts

 

Abundant in hammocks, old fields, disturbed wetlands, and tree islands in marshes, form-ing dense single-species stands in forest understories and crowding out native plants. Also invading cypress and mangrove areas along the New River in Broward County. FLEPPC Category I