Native to: India
Giant reed was introduced into the United States in the early 1800s for ornamental purposes.Description
Giant reed invades wetlands such as ditches, stream banks and lake shores. It competes for water, nutrients and sun, suppresses and excludes native vegetation which degrades wildlife habitat, increases fire risks and interferes with flood control.
Giant reed is not recommended by UF/IFAS. It has been listed as no use with high invasive potential in all parts of Florida by the UF/IFAS Assessment.
Avoid planting giant reed and use other native grasses in its place. Switch cane (Arundinaria gigantea), bushy broom grass (Andropogon glomeratus) and Fakahatchee grass (Tripsacum dactyloides) are suitable alternatives.Cultural/Physical
Do not plant and remove any existing plantings and control sprouts. Bag and dispose of plants in a dumpster or burn.Mechanical
Frequent repeated cutting to groundline may result in control.Biological
There are no known biological control agents for giant reed.Chemical
Thoroughly wet all leaves with one of the following herbicides in water with a surfactant (September or October with multiple applications to regrowth): when safety to surrounding plants is desired, a glyphosate herbicide as a 4-percent solution (1 pint per 3-gallon mix) directed at this plant and away from surrounding plants; Arsenal AC* as a 1-percent solution (4 ounces per 3-gallon mix); or a combination of the two herbicides; Arsenal AC* as a 0.5-percent solution (2 ounces per 3-gallon mix) and a glyphosate herbicide as a 4-percent solution (1 pint per 3-gallon mix).